People often mix up “To” and “Too” because they sound the same, but they have unique usage and meaning that set them apart.
“To” is a preposition that introduces a prepositional phrase or an infinitive. It can also be used as an adverb, adjective, or noun.
“What is a preposition”
“What is an infinitive”
“What is a prepositional phrase”
In this sentence “to” is used as a preposition which helps point out where Jane is going.
- Jane is going to the store. (preposition)
In this sentence “to” is used as an infinitive referring to what Jamie wants to do.
- Jamie wants to play. (infinitive)
In this sentence “to” is used as an adjective indicating that the food is ready to eat.
- The food is ready to eat. (adjective)
In this sentence “to” is used as a noun meaning John handed the keys to me.
- John handed the keys to me. (noun)
“Too” is an adverb that means besides or also. It can also be used to mean “very” or “more than what is needed”.
“What is an adverb”
In this sentence, “too” is used as a substitute for the word also.
- I’m going to the store too. (also)
In this sentence, “too” is used as a way to express the intensity of what Jane is feeling.
- Jane is too tired to play. (very)
In this sentence, “too” is used as a different way to say that it is too many or there is more than what’s needed.
- There are too many people here. (more than what is needed)
How to remember when to use “To” and “Too”
In short, “To” is a preposition, adverb, adjective, or noun that starts a prepositional phrase or an infinitive.
While, “Too” is an adverb that means also, very or more than what is needed.
Here are some more “to” and “too” sentences to help you understand their differences:
Ten sentences using “To”
1. She refused to talk about the case.
2. Welcome to this year’s Annual Spelling Bee!
3. My dad took me to see the baseball game.
4. No one wanted to feel forced to do anything.
5. I didn’t mean to scare him.
6. Can you take my dog to the groomer today?
7. He has nothing to do but read today.
8. Who I speak to is my business.
9. She danced to the music like no one was watching.
10. There is a lot to do today.
Ten sentences using “Too”
1. The soup was too hot to eat.
2. I like the color green too!
3. It took me too long to notice that he wasn’t here today.
4. It’s not too late to change your mind.
5. The dress was too long for me.
6. Can you slow down? You’re going too fast.
7. Life’s too short to live cautiously.
8. We’re going out for dinner too.
9. I was trying too hard to stay awake but it didn’t matter in the end.
10. Her books were in her bag too before they disappeared.
Now let’s see how well you know the difference between “To” and “Too” Let’s have a short quiz.
It’s been ___ long since we had our last meeting.
I’m trying ___ keep an open mind about the situation.
I had black hair ___ before I dyed it red.
I’ve been worrying ___ much these days.
I haven’t been able ___ double check my answers before passing my test.
You ate ___ much and now you’re sick.
I know about the new rule ___
She wanted to play the violin ___
I don’t know ___ much about the book’s history.
I didn’t get ___ go out today.
I love coffee ___ much to get rid of it.
I don’t know how ___ write as clean as you.
The weather is ___ cold for you to be wearing that jacket.
I’ve been ___ busy to ask about the progress of the task.
I’ve had ___ much to drink